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MySQL | NOT BETWEEN

Database
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MySQL
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Documentation
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Operators
schedule Jul 1, 2022
Last updated
local_offer MySQL
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tocTable of Contents
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MySQL's NOT BETWEEN operator returns values that are not within a given range. The start and end values are considered part of the range, hence are excluded from the result of NOT BETWEEN.

Syntax

SELECT column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name NOT BETWEEN value1 AND value2;

Examples

Consider the following table about some students:

student_id

fname

lname

day_enrolled

age

username

1

Sky

Towner

2015-12-03

17

stowner1

2

Ben

Davis

2016-04-20

19

bdavis2

3

Travis

Apple

2018-08-14

18

tapple3

4

Arthur

David

2016-04-01

16

adavid4

5

Benjamin

Town

2014-01-01

17

btown5

The above sample table can be created using the code here.

Numbers

To select students who are not between age 16 and 18:

SELECT * FROM studentsWHERE age
NOT BETWEEN 16 AND 18;
+------------+-------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| student_id | fname | lname | day_enrolled | age | username |
+------------+-------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| 2 | Ben | Davis | 2016-04-20 | 19 | bdavis2 |
+------------+-------+-------+--------------+------+----------+

Note that 'Arthur' and 'Travis', who are 16 and 18 respectively, are not included in the results as the NOT BETWEEN operator is exclusive of start and end values.

Strings

To find students with first name that is less than 'A' or greater than 'E' :

SELECT * FROM students
WHERE fname
NOT BETWEEN 'A' AND 'E';
+------------+--------+--------+--------------+------+----------+
| student_id | fname | lname | day_enrolled | age | username |
+------------+--------+--------+--------------+------+----------+
| 1 | Sky | Towner | 2015-12-03 | 17 | stowner1 |
| 3 | Travis | Apple | 2018-08-14 | 18 | tapple3 |
+------------+--------+--------+--------------+------+----------+

Note that 'Arthur', 'Ben' and 'Benjamin' who all have names that have string value between 'A' and 'E' are not returned.

Dates

To find students who did not enroll between 1 January 2014 and 1 April 2016:

SELECT * FROM students
WHERE day_enrolled
NOT BETWEEN '2014-01-01' AND '2016-04-01';
+------------+--------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| student_id | fname | lname | day_enrolled | age | username |
+------------+--------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| 2 | Ben | Davis | 2016-04-20 | 19 | bdavis2 |
| 3 | Travis | Apple | 2018-08-14 | 18 | tapple3 |
+------------+--------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
robocat
Published by Arthur Yanagisawa
Edited by 0 others
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