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MySQL | NOT IN

Database
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MySQL
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Documentation
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Operators
schedule Jul 1, 2022
Last updated
local_offer MySQL
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tocTable of Contents
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MySQL's NOT IN operator returns 1 (true) if the value is not equal to any of the values provided in the NOT IN list, otherwise it returns 0 (false).

Syntax

SELECT value NOT IN (value1, value2, value3, ...);
SELECT column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name NOT IN (value1, value2, ...);

Examples

Consider the following table about some students:

student_id

fname

lname

day_enrolled

age

username

1

Sky

Towner

2015-12-03

17

stowner1

2

Ben

Davis

2016-04-20

19

bdavis2

3

Travis

Apple

2018-08-14

18

tapple3

4

Arthur

David

2016-04-01

16

adavid4

5

Benjamin

Town

2014-01-01

17

btown5

The above sample table can be created using the code here.

Basic usage

To check whether 4 is not one of the listed winning numbers:

SELECT 4 NOT IN (0, 6, 10, 14);
+----------------------+
| 4 NOT IN (0,6,10,14) |
+----------------------+
| 1 |
+----------------------+

We return 1 (true) as 4 indeed is not one of the winning numbers 0, 6, 10 and 14.

To retrieve students who are neither 16, 17, nor 18:

SELECT *
FROM students
WHERE age
NOT IN (16, 17, 18);
+------------+-------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| student_id | fname | lname | day_enrolled | age | username |
+------------+-------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| 2 | Ben | Davis | 2016-04-20 | 19 | bdavis2 |
+------------+-------+-------+--------------+------+----------+

We return Ben Davis as he is the only student who is not 16, 17 or 18 years old.

robocat
Published by Arthur Yanagisawa
Edited by 0 others
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